WASHINGTON April 14 —
Large-scale combat in Iraq is finished, and the U.S. war
commander is sending warplanes and other forces home, the Pentagon
said Monday, but the remaining troops still face dangers.
"The major combat operations are over, because the major Iraqi
(fighting) units on the ground cease to show coherence," said Maj.
Gen. Stanley McChrystal, vice director of the Pentagon's Joint
Two of the five Navy aircraft carrier battle groups engaged in
the war are heading home this week. Each has about 80 planes aboard,
including about 50 attack planes. McChrystal said war commanders are
reviewing the timetable for sending the Army's 1st Cavalry Division
into Iraq. Another official said a decision already has been made
not to deploy the 1st Cavalry.
The Air Force has sent home the four B-2 stealth bombers that
flew wartime missions, as well as F-117A stealth fighter-bombers and
F-15C fighters, officials said.
With little public notice, the last two American aircraft based
at Incirlik, Turkey, flew home Saturday to Shaw Air Force Base,
S.C., ending 12 years of enforcing a flight-interdiction zone over
About 45 U.S. and British planes were based at Incirlik; they did
not participate in the war against Iraq because Turkey would not
permit it. With the fall of the Saddam Hussein government, the need
for "no-fly" zones over northern and southern Iraq had disappeared,
It was not immediately known whether the U.S. planes that
enforced the southern "no-fly" zone would remain at bases in Saudi
Arabia and Kuwait.
The first ship to leave the war zone was the dock landing ship
USS Portland, part of an amphibious task force that carried 7,000
Marines to Kuwait in February. The Portland arrived at Little Creek,
Va., on Friday.
At least two attack submarines also have returned from the war.
They and a number of destroyers and cruisers launched more than 800
Tomahawk cruise missiles into Iraq from the Red Sea, the eastern
Mediterranean Sea and the Persian Gulf. No Tomahawks have been
launched for several days.
McChrystal said it is too soon to say the war is over. Allied
troops on the ground still face dangers from renegade
paramilitaries, remnants of the Republican Guard and terrorists, he
Remaining missions include consolidating U.S. control of some
cities and searching for illegal weapons.
"I think we will move into a phase where it is smaller, albeit
sharp, fights," McChrystal said.
In another sign that the Iraq war is coming to a close, a senior
defense official said U.S. forces in Qaim, a town near the Syrian
border, have "pushed them (Iraqi forces) out of the way." The town
is still not under coalition control, the official said, because
Iraqi forces there have not formally surrendered, as U.S. commanders
had expected them to do by Monday.
The Pentagon said the number of Americans killed in the war stood
at 118, and four are missing in action.
Other officials said the aircraft carrier USS Kitty Hawk will
leave the Gulf around the middle of this week to return to its
homeport at Yokosuka, Japan, and the USS Constellation will leave
for San Diego shortly afterward. The only carrier to remain in the
Gulf will be the USS Nimitz.
The departures of the Kitty Hawk and the Constellation reflect a
winding down of the air campaign.
McChrystal said the number of air missions flown over Iraq,
including refueling and other support missions, has dropped to
700-800 per day. That's half as many as just a few days ago. Fewer
than 200 precision-guided bombs were dropped Monday, he said. That
compared with 1,000 or more per day earlier.
Monday was the last day that aircraft from all five aircraft
carriers in the region flew missions over Iraq, he said. Besides the
three carriers in the Gulf, the USS Harry S. Truman and the USS
Theodore Roosevelt are operating in the eastern Mediterranean.
Officials said over the weekend that either the Roosevelt or the
Truman probably would be sent home soon.
The Pentagon still is sending ground forces to Kuwait and
Soldiers from the 4th Infantry Division, recently arrived in
Kuwait from Fort Hood, Texas, crossed the border into Iraq on
Monday. First in were two convoys of about 500 tanks and other
Plans call for the 4th Infantry to move north of Baghdad, but
probably not farther north than Kirkuk, a military official said
The Army's 1st Armored Division is moving its equipment to ports
for shipment to the Gulf region, and its troops will follow by air
in a couple of weeks, a division spokesman, Maj. Scott Slaten, said
Monday. The division is sending two armored brigades and one
aviation brigade from bases in Germany, and one brigade is going
from its base at Fort Riley, Kan., Slaten said.
It is not clear whether one of the Army divisions already in Iraq
will leave after the 1st Armored gets there.
As combat ends, the hunt for chemical and biological weapons or
nuclear materials is rising on the priority list for American
troops. There are more potential nuclear, biological or chemical
weapons sites in Iraq than U.S. military teams to check them,
Pentagon officials said.
McChrystal said none of the suspicious materials removed from the
battlefield so far, including containers of suspected chemical
agents, has yielded positive test results. Testing continues.
On the Net: Central Command:
|Iraqis watch as others set fire
to a statue depicting Iraqi President Saddam Hussein in
Baghdad, Monday, April 14, 2003. (AP Photo/Lefteris
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