— By Khaled Yacoub Oweis
BAGHDAD (Reuters) - Initially caught off guard, Iraqi forces
defending the capital Baghdad hit back with artillery, mortar and
sniper fire on Monday after U.S. troops thrust into the heart of the
As dozens of U.S. tanks rumbled into the city of five million
people and entered two presidential compounds on the west bank of
the Tigris, the urban warfare that Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
promised the invading forces finally began.
But as night fell, U.S. troops with tanks still occupied at least
one of the blitzed palaces in the city center and gave no signs of
planning to leave.
"We can see four tanks. They're still there. The soldiers look
very relaxed and are walking around inside the compound," Reuters
correspondent Samia Nakhoul said.
By midnight, the city had fallen quiet.
Earlier, the white dust of mortar mingled with a sandstorm to
cloak the city, obstructing visibility as the thud of artillery and
mortar bombs reverberated across the capital, especially toward the
west and south.
Republican Guards took positions behind the information and
foreign ministry buildings in the city center, firing
rocket-propelled grenades in the direction of U.S. troops a few
hundred yards away.
Artillery shells, apparently Iraqi, crashed into the huge
presidential compound on the west bank of the Tigris river, where
American tanks took up positions early on Monday.
A Reuters photographer saw other shells, apparently American,
landing in the gardens of the luxury Al-Rashid Hotel near the
Almost the only people walking the streets were Iraqi soldiers in
full combat gear or fighters in civilian clothes.
Speeding ambulances evacuated casualties.
Residents hid indoors to escape the crackling automatic fire and
exploding shells. State television showed old footage of Saddam and
played patriotic songs.
"GRILLING THEIR STOMACHS"
U.S. forces said they captured two presidential compounds in
Baghdad, including the main Republican Palace, which has been the
target of almost three weeks of U.S. air and missile raids.
The palace complex, stretching several miles along the western
bank of the Tigris, houses the headquarters of the Republican
Guards, the elite fighting force commanded by Saddam's youngest son
Information Minister Mohammed Saeed al-Sahaf told reporters Iraqi
forces were slaughtering the enemy and denied that U.S. tanks had
captured the palaces.
"As our leader Saddam Hussein said, God is grilling their
stomachs in hell," said Sahaf, standing defiantly on a roof in
central Baghdad and ignoring U.S. tanks a few hundred yards away
across the Tigris.
"Fighting is continuing in the main battlefields. Baghdad is
secured and fortified and Baghdadis are heroes."
Two U.S. soldiers and two journalists were killed and 15 people
wounded when an Iraqi rocket hit a U.S. communications center on
Baghdad's southern fringe, U.S. military sources said.
"STILL SOME WORK TO DO"
"The fact that Iraqi forces are still fighting against U.S.
forces shows that there is still some work to do," Lieutenant
Colonel Peter Bayer, operations officer for the 3rd Infantry
Division, told Reuters correspondent Luke Baker.
In a separate incident, two Marines were killed trying to secure
two bridges on the eastern outskirts of the city. Marines told
Reuters two of their comrades were killed and three wounded when an
artillery shell fired by their own side fell short.
Reuters correspondent Matthew Green said the Marines later
secured the bridges and crossed with tanks and armored vehicles.
They then took on Iraqi Special Republican Guard units on the
Baghdad side of the river, he said.
The western side of the Tigris, which is called Karkh, was
deserted, including a villa complex housing senior Saddam aides.
Iraqi soldiers pointed their rocket-propelled grenades at cars
coming over the bridge from that direction. Huge concrete blocks
thrown on the bridge offered only a narrow passage.
Symbols of Saddam's power, such as security complexes and the
military industrialization headquarters, lie in the west.
Iraqi television on Monday twice relayed a call to arms from
Saddam, which was first broadcast on Sunday.
"President Saddam has issued an order...to all the fighters. If
you find it difficult to join your unit for any reason you should
join the unit that you can find until further notice."
Seven police cars drove around the center near the Palestine
Hotel where many journalists are staying, with uniformed men honking
horns and firing into the air and waving the Iraqi flag.
"Glory of the Arabs! We will defend you, Saddam, with our blood!"
Scores of civilians chose instead to flee the bombardment.
"I think 80 percent of the people have left to the east to escape
bombardment," said Ali, a resident of Saddam City, a sprawling slum
on the outskirts of Baghdad.
Copyright 2003 Reuters News Service. All rights reserved. This
material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or